is held annually on the ninth day of the ninth month. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause a wide range of disorders known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders 多地养老金调整 男子在许愿池捞钱

Quit-Smoking Every September the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) provides an awareness campaign on the dangers of fetal alcohol exposure (drinking while pregnant). The campaign, International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day, is held annually on the ninth day of the ninth month. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause a wide range of disorders known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) of which fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most severe. These defects and disabilities are 100 percent preventable by abstaining from alcohol during pregnancy. Yet, according to NIAAA an estimated 30 percent of women report still drinking alcohol while pregnant. In the more severe cases, children are born with fetal alcohol syndrome, a serious and incurable condition which damages the childs central nervous system and brain. FAS is marked by mental retardation and physical birth defects such as abnormal facial features (e.g. thin, wide set eyes; thin upper lip; smooth ridge above upper lip). Children born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders do not exhibit the physical birth defects and abnormal facial features but they may have any number of developmental disabilitiescognitive, intellectual, social, mental, and emotional. An estimated one percent of children have FASD and the number could be higher. Since children with FASD do not exhibit physical defects, it can be difficult to determine if a childs developmental disabilities are related to prenatal alcohol exposure or some other cause. FASD can cause a lifetime of emotional and financial strain on a family and the individual. Yet, FASD is not an individual issue alone, it is a societal issue. That is why International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day is so important. It is important to promote awareness of the message Do not drink alcohol if you are pregnant! NIAAA continues to research the effects of alcohol and pregnancy and strategies and treatment for children with FASD. Women who are pregnant or trying to conceive should not drink alcohol. Often with an unplanned pregnancy a woman drinks alcohol not knowing she is pregnant. Once she learns she is pregnant she should stop drinking immediately. This can greatly reduce the risk of her child developing FASD. If a woman has difficulty abstaining from alcohol while pregnant, she should seek professional treatment under the supervision of an experienced drug and alcohol rehabilitation center. A medically supervised rehabilitation program can ensure that the mother receives appropriate treatment with her babys best interest in mind. About the Author: 相关的主题文章:

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